Computers have become an indispensable part for the daily working of not only almost all kinds of organizations but also individuals all over the world. You use computers for a variety of tasks ranging from minor to major. In fact, many people run whole businesses through their computers. The increased use of computers has also made them vulnerable to hackers and cyber criminals. Thus, the safety of all your sensitive information stored in the computer has assumed paramount importance.
There are many ways to ensure that your computer remains protected all times.
A virus scanner provides protection to your system against viruses, worms, Trojans, rootkits and other kinds of malware. It is beneficial to install many scanner programs because a single scanner may fail to catch all kinds of malware programs since thousands of such programs are released everyday. Installing antivirus software, antimalware software and antispyware software together on the system affords superior protection.
Firewall is a hardware or software which prevents unauthorized access to a computer. However, it is always better to use an updated version of firewall instead of the default windows firewall which is integrated into the operating system.
Data encryption software prevents hackers from reading the data stored in your computer even if they are able to dodge all the security features. The software encrypts the files on hard drives, removable media and data sent through emails and computer networks. In order to decrypt the data, an access key is required which is known only to you.
The security features of web browsers protect the computer against an online attack. It is always safer to use the newer versions of web browsers since they come with newer security features. Google Chrome is considered to be the most secure browser and is recommended over Internet Explorer and Safari.
The operating system of your computer must be updated regularly. Microsoft and Apple provide updates to their operating systems on a regular basis with essential security patches which should not be missed out.
Behavior Monitoring Software
Behavior monitoring software monitors any kind of abnormal activity in the computer which may be caused by malwares of unauthorized access. The software makes you aware of any such activity in your system which you can block immediately.
It is better to keep a backup of all the files in your computer. The files can be stored on a portable hard disk or on an online storage platform. Many good online storage platforms are available such as Skydrive which can be used for free storage of about 25Gb of data.
You should always use different passwords for different websites for signing up. A good option is to use a password manager such as Last Pass. Last Pass enables safe management of passwords by eliminating the need to type them on the computer or storing them. The password generator of Last Pass also composes a highly complicated password for each and every website. Passwords should also not be saved on the applications of your system.